All Posts tagged gingivitis

Gumgnam Style: All There Is To Know About Gum Disease

Gumgnam Style: All There Is To Know About Gum Disease

What is gum disease/periodontal disease?

Approximately one third of Canadians have reported to have, or have had, a moderate to a severe periodontal problem. In the broadest terms, a periodontal disease refers to bacterial growth around the tooth. “Periodontal” means “around the tooth”. In the earliest forms, the gums might swell and easily bleed, and at worst, it may cause teeth to fall out. Therefore, in order to preserve a healthy smile, the gums must be taken care of.

What causes gum disease?

Like the rest of the body, the mouth is a very busy place, home to an uncountable amount of bacteria on the go. Like all bacteria, some are completely harmless whereas others can be detrimental to the teeth and the gums. The harmful bacteria group together in a sticky film that is known as plaque, the cause behind gum diseases. If left unchecked, it destroys the bone and the connective tissue and causes the teeth to loosen, and eventually leads to teeth removal.


The progression of gum disease.

The Advancement of Gum Diseases

Gum diseases, such as periodontitis and gingivitis begin with an excessive accumulation of plaque, causing it to harden and become a substance called tartar, which creates irritation for the gums and results in bleeding. Tartar is extremely tightly bound to the teeth, such that it requires professional cleaning.

Gingivitis, an early stage of gum diseases, precedes periodontitis. At the early stages of gingivitis, the gums are visibly swollen and have a tendency to bleed easily while tooth brushing. Regardless of the fact that bleeding does not always indicate gingivitis, it is an indication of the fact that the gums are losing their health and need attention. At this stage, no bone or tissue damage has taken place, and the teeth are still firmly in place despite the gum irritation.

However, when gingivitis is left untreated, it advances to periodontitis. At this stage, the inner layers of the gum recede from the teeth and form pockets. The resulting small spaces become infected as a result of debris accumulation. As the immune system of the body tries and fights the bacteria, the plaque continues to spread under the gum line. The bacterial toxins and the bodily enzymes eventually start to break down the bone and the connective tissues holding the teeth in place. As the disease advances, the pockets deepen and more gum tissue as well as the bone tissue is being destroyed. At this point, since there is no anchor holding the teeth in place, they gradually loosen and eventually fall.

Periodontal Disease: prevention and treatment:

Fortunately, this can be prevented through regular trips to your Ottawa dentist, Dr. Jaleel, as symptoms such as bleeding gums, red or tender gums, persistent bad breath, receding gums can be used in order to diagnose and treat a potential worsening gum condition. During a dental exam, the gums will be checked for bleeding, swelling and firmness. Aside from the gums, the bite is also assessed and full mouth x-rays are taken.

The treatment for gum diseases may vary from improving regular day to day activities such as regular brushing to the application of a non-surgical method called scaling and root planning. Scaling scrapes and removes the plaque while root planning smoothes the rough spots on the tooth where germs once collected, allowing the gums to reconnect with the teeth. These conditions, as can be seen, are treatable and eventually curable.

Ottawa-Dentist-Periodontal Disease-Before-After

Before and after gum disease treatment. Book an appointment today with Dr. Jaleel!

Don’t procrastinate if any of these signs seem to be bothering your everyday brushing routine. Gum diseases can be detected at a very early stage and can be treated. Pick up the phone and make an appointment with Dr. Jaleel, the friendliest and most knowledgeable dentist in Ottawa! Our dental clinic is located across from the Carlingwood Shopping Centre in Ottawa, easily accessible by bus or car.


2194 Carling Avenue, Unit 1

Ottawa, ON K2A 1H3


You Only Have to Floss the Teeth You Want to Keep

We’re all familiar with it. You’re at your regular dental check-up appointment, and with a scrutinous raised eyebrow, the dentist asks you, “Have you been flossing?” Most of us, unfortunately, avoid eye contact as we mutter a response that is either a guilty exaggeration of your actual habits or a quiet confession that no, likely not as often as your dentist would like you to.

You return home from your Ottawa dentist with your complimentary floss (maybe even in an enticing flavour) and vow to change your ways – only to be met with bleeding gums that further discourage you from making the habit stick. The unfortunate paradox is that when you try to do your gums right, they retaliate, so after time what seemed like a simple task becomes overlooked and under-prioritized. For that reason of itself too, you might justify skipping the floss after brushing your teeth. Besides, how much of a difference can sliding some string between your teeth really do?


Well, the answer is a lot. And the implications might surprise you since the benefits of regularly flossing go beyond just your dental hygiene.

Brushing your teeth only cleans the outer surfaces, and even adding an antibacterial mouthwash may only rinse away some bacteria that cause plaque. Flossing is the only method to clean the tight spaces between teeth and gums.


Halitosis is one of the first indications that someone might not be flossing – and depending on the severity it may be an indication you can notice from a distance, since halitosis is just the medical term for bad breath. Periodontal disease is another term that, by the sounds of it, would intimidate anyone into flossing. Periodontal diseases refer to any disease that affects tissues that support your teeth. Gingivitis is one such cause of the disease. Gingivitis is the inflammation of your gums caused by the accumulation of plaque – another term we hear in the dentist chair or on toothpaste commercials. Besides the unattractive yellowing appearance it gives to your teeth, gingivitis causes sensitivities, worsens halitosis, and hardens into tartar – which can then only be removed in the dental chair. Worst of all, these bacterial accumulations can lead to eventual tooth loss.

A case of gingivitis.

A case of gingivitis.

The American Academy of Periodontology now say that there are studies that suggest a correlation between failing to floss and heart disease. Since the bacteria from plaque can enter the bloodstream via your gums, the manifestation of cavities, missing teeth, or gum disease can be as accurate for predicting heart disease as cholesterol levels.

Moral of the story, if you ignore your teeth, they will go away. So don’t wait any longer – your health is hanging by a thread! Grab a hold and get flossing – ensuring your future and smile will be a bright one,